Examples include dyslexia and dyspraxia.
Long-standing illness or health condition
Examples include cancer, multiple sclerosis or HIV infection and are automatically classed as a disability. Other conditions or progressive illnesses such as diabetes may also be included depending on the impact they have on your daily life.
Mental health condition
A mental health condition is considered a disability if it has a long-term effect on your normal day to day activity (long-term means if it lasts or is likely to last more than 12 months). Examples include (clinical depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder).
This can include includes conditions such as back problems or conditions which are recurring or fluctuating such as arthritis or asthma.
Sensory impairment (sight, hearing, other)
The wearing of glasses to improve your sight is not classed as a disability.